Wood as primary construction material

Wood as primary construction material


Since Harghita County is rich in wood source, the main aim of this policy is to encourage and promote the use of wood in constructions first of all at the level of public buildings but to enlarge it on business and household level. This successful implementation project from Harghita County we are going to expand this approach on national level in Romania. This policy approach should be taken into account at in other regions of Romania as well. 52% of Harghita County’s turnover is given by forest management and wood processing. 35.6 % of the County’s surface is covered by forest, 47% of these forests are owned by local forest owner associations, the rest being owned by private owners and local public authorities, churches and state. The most important lessons from this best practice is the consciousness and endurance of the local stakeholders. The policy aims to identify how forests can provide new jobs and business opportunities in order to keep rural communities alive. Beside the fact of strengthening the idea of traditional use of wood, there is a need to create new, competitive wooden products with high added value. In order to protect the local wood processing based industry the policy of County Council does not allow the establishment of international investors who would like to exploit the county’s natural resources without adding high value added activity on local level. Taking into account that at this moment there isn’t any big company, investor in the field of silviculture and forestry establish in the county this is already a positive impact of the policy.

Type of wood
Origin of wood
Mobilization Potential
Approx. 1,000,000 m3, area affected 2,300 km2
Kind of wood concerned
70-80 % is conifer
Sustainability Potential
Impact on environment & biodiversity

Sustainable forest management, replantation of forest controlled by local forest owner associations

Ease of implementation
Economic impact
Positive, growth of the company / turnover 52% of the County’s turnover coming from wood process
Job effect
Creating of new jobs mostly in rural area
Income effect
Specific knowledge needed
Sustainable and effective forest management, efficient wood processes, long term business strategy
Key prerequisites

Long term sustainability for local economy, local value preserving

Wood construction industry
Digital solution
Country of origin
Scale of application
Start and end year
2012 -
Contact data
Owner or author
References and Resources
Project under which this factsheet has been created